Survival tips: nuclear attacks (XVI).
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The effect of a nuclear explosion, taking aside radiation, is similar to that caused by a conventional device, albeit on a much larger scale. The destructive power of a nuclear device is measured as follows:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11)- Tonnes: one 'Ton' is equivalent to the energy dissipated by the explosion of 1.000 kilograms of TNT, a widely used military and industrial explosive.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124)- Kilotonnes: equivalent to one thousand tonnes.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52)- Megatonnes: equivalent to 1.000 kilotonnes.
As everything occurs in a larger scale, some phenomena that are usually hard to detect during a conventional explosion, during a nuclear attack they become more significant. For example, there are actually two 'shock waves' and a secondary, particular effect to be considered:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11)- The true shock wave, transmitted through the air.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124)- A counter wave, inverse to the initial shock wave, cause by the suction of air that originates in ground-zero. The explosion increases the temperature of the air in the zone, this heated gas raises, causing a very low pressure bubble in the atmosphere, and this, in turn, sucks violently air back to the zone above the destroyed target.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52)- An electromagnetic pulse or EMP, that destroys all electronic equipment which is not adequately protected by means such as a Faraday cage.
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