P. Edronkin

The Riches Hidden In The Interior Of Our Planet

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It is interesting to speculate about how much we could probably win by gambling, but at the same time we are standing in a world full of riches that we are perhaps unable to discern; within the arcane world of those interested in geology and all its related sciences, there are some more or less serious hypotheses related to that.

An one of those fields where such ideas abound is that of the composition and structure of our planet Earth; this, indeed, includes thoughts about what lies between the crust and the nucleus of the planet, how continents are formed, and other issues. If we take into account the fact that we have drilled a little bit more than ten kilometres down into the crust (in Murmansk, northern Russia), but we have a few thousands to go until we reach the centre of the globe, this would give us an idea of our digging and drilling status.

Now, if after just scratching the surface - literally - of our planet, we have found so many precious stones and metals, we can only speculate about what lies deeper. But the fact is that we still do not have the technology required to go down there; so, due to a lack of empirical exploration, geologists and planetologists are speculating about the issue, hoping to construct theoretical models that may help them understand the planet.

An one of those hypotheses that has some basis, states that given the fact that there are carbon atoms present everywhere, that the deeper you go the higher pressure and temperature you will find, it is unavoidable to conclude that diamonds may be getting formed at great depths, at least where there are spaces with solid rock to allow the physical conditions required for crystals to form, and there is plenty of room for that under the surface. It is then odd that we, seeking to make some money, are standing over incalculable riches that we cannot grab, yet.

But as you may probably now, it is quite possible to manufacture synthetic diamonds. These are exactly the same as natural ones except for the fact that under UV (ultra - violet) light they become fluorescent. Synthetic diamonds are valuable, but not as much as natural ones, so if someone would come up with a way to make the only known difference away, that would indeed be nice for those controlling the process.

The property of UV fluorescence exists in the case of synthetic diamonds because of their crystalline structure. In natural diamonds, atoms forming the crystal are perfectly aligned over three axis; in synthetic diamonds they are aligned over just two axis, and this difference produces the UV effect that we mentioned.

It seems that constant high pressures and temperatures over millions of years induce the atoms by sheer force to align themselves better. In the case of artificial diamonds this simply does not take place because they are processed much faster.

However, some scientists in Russia reported a few years ago that they can actually produce artificial diamonds with perfectly-aligned atoms. That, if true and practical, would turn them potentially into the richest people in history; they would not stand far away from the status that alchemists tried to attain.

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